New laws are putting California further at odds with Trump

New laws are putting California further at odds with Trump
FILE - In this Sept. 10, 2018 file photo, Gov. Jerry Brown speaks during an interview with The Associated Press, in Sacramento, Calif. Brown steps down Jan. 7 after signing more than 1,000 bills into law during his last year in office, most of which take effect with the Jan. 1 start of the new year. They continue positioning California as a bastion of liberal activism and goad to Republican President Donald Trump on topics including climate change, criminal justice and gender discrimination. (AP Photo/Rich Pedroncelli, File) (Source: Rich Pedroncelli)

SACRAMENTO, Calif. (AP) — California Gov. Jerry Brown is leaving office Jan. 7 after signing more than 1,000 laws in his last year, further positioning the state as a bastion of liberal activism and goad to President Donald Trump.

The laws, most of which take effect Tuesday, ease criminal sentences, tighten gun restrictions and address climate change, gender discrimination and sexual harassment.

The Democratic governor approved 1,016 laws, the most in any of his last eight years in office. His 201 vetoes also were the most during his final two terms, as lawmakers passed a record number of measures.

Counting his two terms from 1975 to 1983, the state's longest-serving governor vetoed 1,829 bills and saw 17,851 become law.

Here are some of the laws taking effect with the new year:

FILE - In this June 20, 2018 file photo, inmates pass a correctional officer as they leave an exercise yard at the California Medical Facility in Vacaville, Calif. In a final flurry of legislation before he leaves office in January, termed-out Gov. Jerry Brown signed a number of bills with his long-term goal of reducing mass incarceration, rehabilitating juvenile offenders, trimming lengthy prison sentences and offering second chances to the criminally convicted. (AP Photo/Rich Pedroncelli, File)
FILE - In this June 20, 2018 file photo, inmates pass a correctional officer as they leave an exercise yard at the California Medical Facility in Vacaville, Calif. In a final flurry of legislation before he leaves office in January, termed-out Gov. Jerry Brown signed a number of bills with his long-term goal of reducing mass incarceration, rehabilitating juvenile offenders, trimming lengthy prison sentences and offering second chances to the criminally convicted. (AP Photo/Rich Pedroncelli, File) (Source: Rich Pedroncelli)

CRIMINAL JUSTICE

Sweeping new laws bar juveniles younger than 16 from being tried as adults, even for murder, and keep children under 12 out of the criminal justice system unless they are charged with murder or rape.

FILE - In this March 22, 2018, photo, a young man joins others at a demonstration outside the Sacramento City Hall to protest the shooting of Stephon Alonzo Clark, by a pair of Sacramento Police officers. California Gov. Jerry Brown steps down Jan. 7, 2019, after signing more than 1,000 bills into law in just his last year in office, most of which take effect Jan. 1. A new law responding to police shootings of young black men broadens public access to officers' personnel records. Police unions are challenging whether the law is retroactive. (AP Photo/Rich Pedroncelli, File)
FILE - In this March 22, 2018, photo, a young man joins others at a demonstration outside the Sacramento City Hall to protest the shooting of Stephon Alonzo Clark, by a pair of Sacramento Police officers. California Gov. Jerry Brown steps down Jan. 7, 2019, after signing more than 1,000 bills into law in just his last year in office, most of which take effect Jan. 1. A new law responding to police shootings of young black men broadens public access to officers' personnel records. Police unions are challenging whether the law is retroactive. (AP Photo/Rich Pedroncelli, File) (Source: Rich Pedroncelli)

Other laws allow many defendants to ask judges to dismiss their charges if they show mental illness played a major role in their crime and limit the state's felony murder rule, which holds accomplices to the same standard as the person who carried out the killing.

A new law responding to police shootings of young black men broadens public access to officers' personnel records. A police union is challenging whether the law is retroactive.

FILE - In this Dec. 16, 2017, file photo provided by the Santa Barbara County Fire Department, flames burn near power lines in Sycamore Canyon near West Mountain Drive in Montecito, Calif. Utilities may bill customers for future legal damages and for settlements from the deadly 2017 wildfires that caused a record more than $10 billion in insured losses, even if the utilities' mismanagement caused the blazes. The California measure is among more than two dozen wildfire-related laws. Others make it easier to log trees, build firebreaks and conduct controlled burns of vegetation that would fuel wildfires; require investor-owned utilities to upgrade equipment so it's less likely to cause fires; retain insurance coverage following disasters; improve emergency notifications; and require a battery backup for garage door openers so people can move their vehicles during power outages. (Mike Eliason/Santa Barbara County Fire Department via AP, File)
FILE - In this Dec. 16, 2017, file photo provided by the Santa Barbara County Fire Department, flames burn near power lines in Sycamore Canyon near West Mountain Drive in Montecito, Calif. Utilities may bill customers for future legal damages and for settlements from the deadly 2017 wildfires that caused a record more than $10 billion in insured losses, even if the utilities' mismanagement caused the blazes. The California measure is among more than two dozen wildfire-related laws. Others make it easier to log trees, build firebreaks and conduct controlled burns of vegetation that would fuel wildfires; require investor-owned utilities to upgrade equipment so it's less likely to cause fires; retain insurance coverage following disasters; improve emergency notifications; and require a battery backup for garage door openers so people can move their vehicles during power outages. (Mike Eliason/Santa Barbara County Fire Department via AP, File) (Source: Mike Eliason)

Repeat drunken drivers and first-time offenders involved in injury crashes must install an ignition interlock device, which blocks their vehicle from starting if the driver isn't sober.

GUNS

FILE - In this Oct. 14, 2017, file photo, PG&E crews work on restoring power lines in a fire ravaged neighborhood in an aerial view in the aftermath of a wildfire in Santa Rosa, Calif. Utilities may bill customers for future legal damages and for settlements from the deadly 2017 wildfires that caused a record more than $10 billion in insured losses, even if the utilities' mismanagement caused the blazes. The California measure is among more than two dozen wildfire-related laws. Others make it easier to log trees, build firebreaks and conduct controlled burns of vegetation that would fuel wildfires; require investor-owned utilities to upgrade equipment so it's less likely to cause fires; retain insurance coverage following disasters; improve emergency notifications; and require a battery backup for garage door openers so people can move their vehicles during power outages. (AP Photo/Marcio Jose Sanchez, File)
FILE - In this Oct. 14, 2017, file photo, PG&E crews work on restoring power lines in a fire ravaged neighborhood in an aerial view in the aftermath of a wildfire in Santa Rosa, Calif. Utilities may bill customers for future legal damages and for settlements from the deadly 2017 wildfires that caused a record more than $10 billion in insured losses, even if the utilities' mismanagement caused the blazes. The California measure is among more than two dozen wildfire-related laws. Others make it easier to log trees, build firebreaks and conduct controlled burns of vegetation that would fuel wildfires; require investor-owned utilities to upgrade equipment so it's less likely to cause fires; retain insurance coverage following disasters; improve emergency notifications; and require a battery backup for garage door openers so people can move their vehicles during power outages. (AP Photo/Marcio Jose Sanchez, File) (Source: Marcio Jose Sanchez)

Spurred by mass shootings, lawmakers further tightened California's already tough gun laws.

Anyone convicted of certain domestic violence misdemeanors will be barred for life from possessing a firearm, while those under age 21 will be banned from purchasing a rifle or shotgun unless they are members of law enforcement or the military or have a hunting license.

FILE- In this Sept. 12, 2017, file photo Angela Ahrendts, Apple's Senior Vice President of Retail, discusses updates at Apple Stores before a new product announcement at the Steve Jobs Theater on the new Apple campus in Cupertino, Calif. California will become the first state to require publicly held corporations to have at least one woman on its board of directors by the end of 2019 and two or more by 2021. (AP Photo/Marcio Jose Sanchez, File)
FILE- In this Sept. 12, 2017, file photo Angela Ahrendts, Apple's Senior Vice President of Retail, discusses updates at Apple Stores before a new product announcement at the Steve Jobs Theater on the new Apple campus in Cupertino, Calif. California will become the first state to require publicly held corporations to have at least one woman on its board of directors by the end of 2019 and two or more by 2021. (AP Photo/Marcio Jose Sanchez, File) (Source: Marcio Jose Sanchez)

Several other laws already took effect, including measures explicitly banning rapid-fire bump stocks that attach to guns; requiring eight hours of training for concealed carry applicants; and allowing police to seize ammunition and magazines under domestic violence restraining orders.

A lifetime firearm ban goes into effect in 2020 for anyone who has been hospitalized for a mental health issue more than once in a year.

FILE - In this May 12, 2013, file photo, wind turbines lining the Altamont Pass near Livermore, Calif., generate electricity. California's utilities must generate 60 percent of their energy from wind, solar and other renewable sources by 2030, a requirement 10 percent higher than their previous mandate. Lawmakers set the goal of phasing out electricity from fossil fuels by 2045. (AP Photo/Noah Berger, File)
FILE - In this May 12, 2013, file photo, wind turbines lining the Altamont Pass near Livermore, Calif., generate electricity. California's utilities must generate 60 percent of their energy from wind, solar and other renewable sources by 2030, a requirement 10 percent higher than their previous mandate. Lawmakers set the goal of phasing out electricity from fossil fuels by 2045. (AP Photo/Noah Berger, File) (Source: Noah Berger)

WILDFIRES

Utilities may bill customers for future legal damages and for settlements from the deadly 2017 wildfires that caused more than $10 billion in insured losses, even if the companies' mismanagement caused the blazes.

FILE - In this March 23, 2010, file photo, workers from California Green Design install solar electrical panels on the roof of a home in Glendale, Calif. California's utilities must generate 60 percent of their energy from wind, solar and other renewable sources by 2030, a requirement 10 percent higher than their previous mandate. It set the goal of phasing out electricity from fossil fuels by 2045, though Hawaii has a 100 percent renewable energy mandate. (AP Photo/Reed Saxon, File)
FILE - In this March 23, 2010, file photo, workers from California Green Design install solar electrical panels on the roof of a home in Glendale, Calif. California's utilities must generate 60 percent of their energy from wind, solar and other renewable sources by 2030, a requirement 10 percent higher than their previous mandate. It set the goal of phasing out electricity from fossil fuels by 2045, though Hawaii has a 100 percent renewable energy mandate. (AP Photo/Reed Saxon, File) (Source: Reed Saxon)

The measure is among more than two dozen wildfire-related laws.

Others make it easier to log trees, build firebreaks and conduct controlled burns of vegetation that would fuel wildfires; require investor-owned utilities to upgrade equipment so it's less likely to cause fires; safeguard residents' insurance coverage following disasters; and improve emergency notifications.

FILE - In this Sept. 12, 2016, file photo, Hiroshi Konishi, foreground, walks out of the ocean after surfing as other surfers wait for waves in Malibu, Calif. California Gov. Jerry Brown soon steps down after signing more than 1,000 laws in just his last year. Among them are laws blocking the Trump administration from expanding federal oil drilling off the California coast. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong, File)
FILE - In this Sept. 12, 2016, file photo, Hiroshi Konishi, foreground, walks out of the ocean after surfing as other surfers wait for waves in Malibu, Calif. California Gov. Jerry Brown soon steps down after signing more than 1,000 laws in just his last year. Among them are laws blocking the Trump administration from expanding federal oil drilling off the California coast. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong, File) (Source: Jae C. Hong)

GENDER DISCRIMINATION AND SEXUAL HARASSMENT

California becomes the first state to require publicly held corporations to have at least one woman on their boards of directors by the end of 2019 and two or more by 2021.

FILE - In this Feb. 8, 2018, file photo, Bethany Webb, of Huntington Beach, joins other protesters at a rally against oil drilling off the California Coast at the state Capitol before marching to a hearing by the U.S. Bureau of Ocean Energy Management in Sacramento, Calif. California Gov. Jerry Brown soon steps down after signing more than 1,000 laws in just his last year. Among them are laws requiring utilities to use 60 percent renewable fuels by 2030 and blocking the Trump administration from expanding federal oil drilling off the California coast. (AP Photo/Rich Pedroncelli, File)
FILE - In this Feb. 8, 2018, file photo, Bethany Webb, of Huntington Beach, joins other protesters at a rally against oil drilling off the California Coast at the state Capitol before marching to a hearing by the U.S. Bureau of Ocean Energy Management in Sacramento, Calif. California Gov. Jerry Brown soon steps down after signing more than 1,000 laws in just his last year. Among them are laws requiring utilities to use 60 percent renewable fuels by 2030 and blocking the Trump administration from expanding federal oil drilling off the California coast. (AP Photo/Rich Pedroncelli, File) (Source: Rich Pedroncelli)

Spurred by the #MeToo movement, another new law bans private and public employers, including the state Legislature, from reaching secret settlements over sexual assault, harassment or discrimination. A law preventing businesses from requiring employees to sign liability releases to keep their jobs or receive bonuses is among several expanded protections.

Californians also can list their gender as "nonbinary" on their driver's licenses, designated as the letter "X."

FILE - In this Sept. 21, 2018, file photo, a vendor sells fresh juices and fruit at a Farmers Market in downtown Los Angeles. A law signed Sept. 20 by Gov. Jerry Brown makes California the first state to bar full-service restaurants from automatically giving out single-use plastic straws. Dine-in restaurants may only provide drinking straws at customers' request. (AP Photo/Richard Vogel, File)
FILE - In this Sept. 21, 2018, file photo, a vendor sells fresh juices and fruit at a Farmers Market in downtown Los Angeles. A law signed Sept. 20 by Gov. Jerry Brown makes California the first state to bar full-service restaurants from automatically giving out single-use plastic straws. Dine-in restaurants may only provide drinking straws at customers' request. (AP Photo/Richard Vogel, File) (Source: Richard Vogel)

CLIMATE CHANGE

California's utilities must generate 60 percent of their energy from wind, solar and other renewable sources by 2030, which is 10 percent higher than a previous mandate. Lawmakers set a goal of phasing out electricity from fossil fuels by 2045.

FILE - In this April 4, 2016, file photo, California Gov. Jerry Brown holds a signed bill creating the highest statewide minimum wage at $15 an hour by 2022 at the Ronald Reagan State Building in Los Angeles. The minimum wage rises to $12 for companies with 26 or more employees and $11 for smaller businesses as California phases in a $15 base hourly wage. Brown steps down Jan. 7, 2019, after signing more than 1,000 bills into law during his last year in office, most of which take effect with the Jan. 1 start of the new year. (AP Photo/Damian Dovarganes, File)
FILE - In this April 4, 2016, file photo, California Gov. Jerry Brown holds a signed bill creating the highest statewide minimum wage at $15 an hour by 2022 at the Ronald Reagan State Building in Los Angeles. The minimum wage rises to $12 for companies with 26 or more employees and $11 for smaller businesses as California phases in a $15 base hourly wage. Brown steps down Jan. 7, 2019, after signing more than 1,000 bills into law during his last year in office, most of which take effect with the Jan. 1 start of the new year. (AP Photo/Damian Dovarganes, File) (Source: Damian Dovarganes)

"This is historic because there is no economy larger in the world that has committed to pure clean energy," former Democratic state Sen. Kevin de Leon of Los Angeles wrote when Brown signed the bill into law.

It was California's latest ambitious reaction to Trump's decisions to withdraw from the Paris climate accord and revive the coal industry.

FILE - In this June 29, 2018, file photo, California Gov. Jerry Brown speaks at a forum in Sacramento, Calif. Following the FCC's June rollback of federal net neutrality rules, Brown signed a state law Sept. 30 that imposes strict restrictions on whether and how broadband providers, cable companies, mobile carriers and others, can limit their customers' access to the internet. A California bill protecting net neutrality rules was set to take effect Jan. 1, 2019, but was blocked until a federal lawsuit is resolved. (AP Photo/Rich Pedroncelli, File)
FILE - In this June 29, 2018, file photo, California Gov. Jerry Brown speaks at a forum in Sacramento, Calif. Following the FCC's June rollback of federal net neutrality rules, Brown signed a state law Sept. 30 that imposes strict restrictions on whether and how broadband providers, cable companies, mobile carriers and others, can limit their customers' access to the internet. A California bill protecting net neutrality rules was set to take effect Jan. 1, 2019, but was blocked until a federal lawsuit is resolved. (AP Photo/Rich Pedroncelli, File) (Source: Rich Pedroncelli)

Other new laws study ways to ease the impact of climate change, encourage the use of biomethane and protect Obama administration targets for removing "super pollutants" called hydrofluorocarbons from refrigerants.

Another law bars the Trump administration from expanding oil drilling off the California coast by blocking new pipelines and other supporting construction in state waters.

OTHER LAWS

— Dine-in restaurants may only provide drinking straws at customers' request.

— Restaurants that advertise children's meals must include water or unflavored milk as the default beverage, though customers can still order other options.

— Elections officials must provide prepaid return envelopes for vote-by-mail ballots. They also must give voters a chance to correct a ballot signature that doesn't match the one on file and let them track mail-in ballots.

— The minimum wage rises to $12 for companies with 26 or more employees and $11 for smaller businesses as California phases in a $15 base hourly wage.

— A bill protecting net neutrality rules was set to take effect Jan. 1 but was blocked until a federal lawsuit is resolved.