Brown vs. Board of Education Nat'l Historic Site (Kansas) - WDAM - TV 7 - News, Weather and Sports

Brown vs. Board of Education Nat'l Historic Site (Kansas)

Monroe Elementary School in Topeka Monroe Elementary School in Topeka
  • Most ReadMost Popular StoriesMore>>

  • Meridian's Bonnie Blue Dulaney crowned Miss Hospitality

    Meridian's Bonnie Blue Dulaney crowned Miss Hospitality

    Sunday, July 27 2014 12:42 AM EDT2014-07-27 04:42:42 GMT
    A Senior Mississippi State University biochemistry major from Meridian has been crowned Mississippi's Miss Hospitality for 2014. Bonnie Blue Dulaney, 21, won the Miss Hospitality Pageant in HattiesburgMore >>
    A Senior Mississippi State University biochemistry major from Meridian has been crowned Mississippi's Miss Hospitality for 2014.More >>
  • Sex allegations lead to investigation at PACE Head Start

    Sex allegations lead to investigation at PACE Head Start

    Friday, July 25 2014 7:52 PM EDT2014-07-25 23:52:45 GMT
    An interim agency will take over operations of the Forrest County PACE Head Start Program due to the failure of properly reporting sexual abuse allegations. The Administration for Children and FamiliesMore >>
    An interim agency will take over operations of the Forrest County PACE Head Start Program due to the failure of properly reporting sexual abuse allegations.More >>
  • Victim of Jackson gang rape sends warning to metro area women

    Victim of Jackson gang rape sends warning to metro area women

    Thursday, July 24 2014 12:04 AM EDT2014-07-24 04:04:58 GMT
    The victim of a vicious gang rape is warning other women in the metro area. The victim and her attorney talked about the attack exclusively with WLBT. The 35-year-old woman, whose identity we are protecting,More >>
    The victim, whose identity we are protecting, said, "He put the gun to my head and told me to take my clothes off.  And that's when I couldn't do nothing. I was just standing there crying. And the other dude came from behind the truck. He put one in my side. And they bent me over in my front seat and they started raping me over and over again."
    More >>

From the National Parks Conservation Association

Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site commemorates the Supreme Court's landmark decision to end segregation in the country's public schools.

At one time, segregated schools were the norm in America. Schools were supposed to be equal, but black schools were inferior to white schools. Black children were not allowed to go to white schools, even those in their neighborhoods. Black children were expected to go to sub-standard black schools with outdated textbooks and no supplies, despite their distance from their homes.

In 1950, the Topeka, Kansas, chapter of the NAACP concocted a plan to challenge the "separate but equal" doctrine that governed public education. With the group's support, 13 frustrated parents tried to enroll their children in neighborhood schools. They were refused admission. Their 20 children were forced to attend one of Topeka's four schools for African Americans.

NAACP filed suit on behalf of the parents against the Topeka Board of Education in February 1951. Olivier Brown, whose third-grade daughter Linda, had to travel miles to a black school, despite a white school being only a few blocks away from her home, was the first parent name listed in the suit. The U.S. District court ruled against the plaintiffs.

The Topeka case was sent to the U.S. Supreme Court, where it was combined with similar NAACP cases from Delaware, Virginia, South Carolina, and Washington, D.C. The combined cases became known as Oliver L. Brown et. al. vs. the Board of Education of Topeka (KS).

On May 17, 1954 the U.S. Supreme Court unanimously declared that separate but equal educational facilities violated the 14th Amendment, which guarantees all citizens "equal protection of the laws." The Court ruled that segregated schools were unconstitutional.

Congress established the national park site on October 26, 1992. The site consists of Monroe Elementary School, one of four segregated elementary schools for black children in Topeka, and the adjacent lands.

The park offers exhibits and audio-visual presentations, and park staff present programs for visitors. Rangers from the site are available to visit classrooms to discuss the importance of the case, the park site, and the National Park Service.

The judgment to desegregate public schools is one the most important rulings the U.S. Supreme Court ever made. Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site preserves and protects the places that contributed to the Supreme Court's ground-breaking decision that ended segregation in public schools and interprets the case's pivotal role in the civil rights movement.

*DISCLAIMER*: The information contained in or provided through this site section is intended for general consumer understanding and education only and is not intended to be and is not a substitute for professional advice. Use of this site section and any information contained on or provided through this site section is at your own risk and any information contained on or provided through this site section is provided on an "as is" basis without any representations or warranties.