Martin Luther nails his Ninety-Five Theses to the Castle Church door in Wittenberg, Germany.
Luther opposed the practice of selling indulgences. In the early 1500's, the Catholic Church accepted money in exchange for a document that assured people their sins were forgiven. A quote from friar Johann Tetzel summarizes indulgences: "As soon as the coin in the coffer rings, the soul from purgatory springs."
Luther outlines his problems with Catholic doctrine in general in The Ninety-Five Theses. After the document stirred up controversy, more people began worshiping Lutheran style. Luther would not recant his Theses and Pope Leo X excommunicated him in 1521.
The Ninety-Five Theses essentially kicked off the Protestant Reformation.
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