If the doctor finds hemorrhoids, you may be advised to change your diet to include more fiber. Eat more fresh fruits, leafy vegetables, and whole-grain breads and cereals (especially bran). Drinking six to eight glasses of fluid (not alcohol) each day will also help. Your doctor may recommend that you use a supplement that provides fiber and softens the stool or a stool softener. Softer stools make it easier to empty the bowels and lessen pressure on the veins.
Your doctor might also recommend cold packs, tub bath, warm soaks (sitz bath) or bed rest.
Good hygiene is also important. Bathe the anus gently after each bowel movement using soft, moist toilet paper (or a commercial moist pad). Avoid a lot of wiping. If necessary, you can even use a bath or shower as an alternative to wiping. After bathing, dry the anus gently with a soft cloth or towel.
To protect against irritation, cleanse the anus gently and apply zinc oxide paste (or powder) to the area. Medicated suppositories or creams are available at the drug store. Any of these home treatments may relieve the symptoms and no other treatment may be needed. If symptoms persist, see your doctor.
In some cases, internal hemorrhoids that have fallen outside of the anus (prolapsed) or that bleed too much must be removed. Your gastroenterologist may be able to treat them during an outpatient visit to the office or to the hospital. A number of methods can be used to remove or reduce the number of hemorrhoids:
American Gastroenterological Association. (April 25, 2010). Living with Hemorrhoids.
From http://www.gastro.org/patient-center/digestive-conditions/hemorrhoids web.